Dutton Institute Blog

Creating a Welcoming Presentation

Members of the Dutton Learning Design team recently produced the following video, entitled Creating a Welcoming Presentation, for the Online Learning Consortium. This 3-minute video features tips for making sure your presentations are understood and seen by all and that they are inclusive to every member of your audience. As the speaker, you set the tone and help your audience engage! 


Study Skills

Looking for a way to help your students get more out of their studies? The study of effective teaching and learning strategies is sometimes known as the science of learning, and it delves deep into cognitive science to inform the ways we teach and learn. Research-backed strategies have proved to be effective for students of all ages.

Click the image below to download PDF files of these Study Skills handouts, and check out this article from Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications for more information: "Teaching the Science of Learning."

link to study smarter, Not Harder infographics

Click for an accessible version of the handouts. (This will expand to provide more information.)

Strategies for Building in Academic Integrity

Building Academic Integrity into the design of the course and the assessments.

  • Set time limits on quizzes and exams.
  • Use and leverage test banks or groups in Canvas.
    • Create several questions that cover the same objective at the same level.
    • Add new questions each time the course is taught to have more versions. Consider starting with 3 versions of each questions and an 1-2 more versions each time you teach. Eventually, you will have a large bank to draw from without having to write a new quiz or exam each semester.
  • Change essay questions regularly or at least cycle through a few different ones from year to year.
  • Use the same problems, but  give students different data to use from semester to semester. 
  • Use video to have student record themselves answering questions as a backup if you suspect an issue might arise.
  • Use proctoring if it is available.
If you want a more comprehensive look at strategies for preventing academic integrity, take a look at Strategies for Preventing Academic Integrity Issues
For more information on academic integrity policies and procedures see Dutton's Academic Integrity page

Interactive Flowcharts

During course development, a faculty member was interested in finding a way to make her pictures of flowcharts interactive. I was able to assist her with this by using Adobe Captivate to create an interactive flowchart. This is what the flowchart looked like before:

Flow chart to determine whether the data meets the requirements for hypothesis testing.
Credit: J. Roman

This is what the interactive piece looks like now:

First part of flowchart: is your data an independent random sample? Yes, Is your data parametric? Click yes or no.

Instead of viewing a stagnant flowchart, students can now choose their path by clicking on the buttons in the interactive element.

Same piece of flowchart above with additional pieces of flowchart. The next part of flowchart begins with question: is your data normally distributed?

There is also an option to restart the process, so students can start over if they want to see what would have happened if they had chosen another path. The interactive flowchart is visually appealing and allows students to focus more closely on the smaller pieces of the flowchart by working through a decision-making process.

The interactive element is not fully accessible with a screen reader, therefore, it is recommended to create an accessible version of the chart. This can be done by providing a long description of the flowchart. There should be text above the interactive element noting its presence below, as well as an indication that there is an accessible version available. This text indication can be made visible to screen readers only.

Videos for missed points

Here’s an innovative idea to promote deep learning: allow students to make up missed exam points by creating their own short videos to explain the missed concepts. Once evaluated for accuracy, the videos can be posted for classmates to discuss and also use for study.

Shouldn’t these videos be proctored? Won’t students simply try to read their explanations? You’ll have to tweak this exercise to fit your needs, but explanations should require that students do some research and planning in order to create effective videos. And requiring students to act as teachers is a great way to promote learning. 

Here’s one teacher’s experience with this idea, from www.facultyfocus.com:

Students Recoup Exam Points by Creating a Video on Items Missed

Polling Tools

I was recently asked by a faculty member to help find a way for students to sign up for topics to research in his class instead of him assigning them each topic. Using this particular process does two things. First, it gives the student the power to choose a topic that interests them. Second, it gives the faculty member some extra time to engage with students. A web search will reveal lots of options for creating a poll. Some options require that users sign up for an account and others do not. Some tools are easier to use while others are more flexible and have more options. The tools listed below have one charateristic in common, they are all free. The faculty member who I was working with did not need dates associate with the topics on the poll, he just needed a list of topics and an area for a student to add their name. All of the tools listed below will do that. In the end, he selected Doodle because he was familiar with it and it is simple for everyone to use. These are both great reasons when selecting a tool to use. 

  1. SignUp Genius
  2. Doodle
  3. SignUp.com
  4. Google Forms
  5. Google Sheets







Free Image Resources Here!

computer keyboard

Credit: Public Domain


Mike Taylor, of Mindset Digital, recently presented a webinar devoted to helpful resources that can be added to a course design toolkit. Below you will find a selection of a few of these resources, which can be hugely helpful in finding visual imagery to accompany course content or presentations. Enjoy!

  • Images: Pixabay contains nearly 1 million free images and videos that you can add to your course/website.
  • Fonts: Google fonts contains an extensive library (over 800) of font families that can be embedded into a web page or CSS.
  • Icons: These can be a nice addition to a Drupal or Canvas page.  Flat Icon contains a large database of free icons in a variety of formats.
  • Mike Taylor’s Blog contains a more thorough list of links to helpful resources. Check it out!

As always, the Dutton Institute learning design team is available to assist you with all of your course needs, including multimedia.


Analytics, Big Data, Assessment, and the Interconnectedness of All Things

Here are some resources that, in whole, present a web of ideas surrounding predictive analytics, big data, assessment and the roles each of these is playing in shaping and changing student attitudes, learning, and educational systems. 

  • Penetrating the Fog: Analytics in Learning and Education by Long and Siemens (2011, Educause Review), examines the idea that data collection (including student data trails and activity streams mined from online courses) can yield vast amounts of information that, when analyzed, could be used to improve learners’ experiences, spark comparison between institutions, and affect pedagogical approaches, course design, and institutional decision-making.
  • Many issues come into play when thinking about students, data, and analytics (like the danger of a return to behaviorism!), and Ekowo and Palmer’s Predictive Analytics in Higher Education: Five Guiding Practices for Ethical Use offers guidance for developing a valid system and for navigating issues like privacy and bias.
  • A related article, Fritz’s Student-facing Learning Analytics and Self-regulated Learning: Check My Activity at UMBC (2017) discusses student responsibility and motivation as related to student-facing learning-analytics. The Check My Activity tool, developed to work in conjunction with the Blackboard LMS, allows students to compare their individual activity with that of anonymous classmates and has been shown to boost performance.
  • Finally, the 2007 article Assessment Through the Student’s Eyes, by Rick Stiggins, sparks thoughts about how students of all ages are “data-based decision makers” who, when fully included in the assessment process, can help themselves build and maintain success.

Pizza? No, Piazza!

slice of pizza

Credit: CC0 Public Domain


You may have heard recently that Penn State signed an agreement that officially allows for the use of the Piazza classroom discussion platform. Full integration with Canvas is in the works. Until then, faculty and learning designers can add a Piazza URL to a Canvas course to facilitate student access.

So, why would you want to use Piazza when you have Canvas?

Piazza can be a great enhancement to your course. Many instructors have found that it is a better way to manage class discussions. Posts are tagged for easy searching. Piazza can be set up to allow students to collaborate on a post wiki-style. It will even accommodate varying levels of anonymity. The interface also makes it easy for instructor and students to observe, interact and manage conversations. These are all functions that either are not available or are challenging to navigate in Canvas discussions.

In addition, there is a mobile app available as well as multimedia embedding capabilities. Many instructors also like the in-class polls and the robust LaTex equation editor.

Visit the Piazza website for more information, or contact the Dutton Institute Learning Design team!


A simple and easy way to provide feedback to students in Canvas

It is well documented that providing feedback to students is a powerful influence on student achievement.  Feedback:

  • Is most helpful when it is specific and immediate
  • Contributes to learning
  • Contributes even more to learning when the learner reflects on the lesson for next time

Canvas allows us to provide feedback to students with tools such as email, announcements, discussion forums, chats, conferences and assignment feedback through SpeedGrader (such as using rubrics, or comment boxes).

However, did you know you can quickly send a message to students directly from the gradebook

Remind students who have not submitted an assignment that a due date is coming up. Communicate to students that an emergency has come up and you will be longer than anticipated returning their grades.  Praise students who have scored well on an assessment. Encourage students who didn’t score as well as you had hoped and potentially clear up misconceptions or provide additional resources.

You can message students who fall into the following categories:

Haven’t submitted yet - these are students who have not submitted to an assignment or assessment. Note: if you manually assigned a grade for these students, Canvas will treat them as having submitted.
Haven’t been graded - these are students who have either submitted or not submitted an assignment and have not been graded yet
Scored less than [point value] - these are students who have been graded and their assignments are scored with less than X number of points
Scored more than [point value] - these are students who have been graded and their assignments are scored with more than x number of points.

Each student will receive an individual message and not see other students who might have received the same email. 

To send feedback by category:

1.  Open the Gradebook -  click on Grades in the Course Navigation:

Grades from menu

2.  Select “Message Student Who…” by hovering over the assignment and clicking the drop-down menu. Choose “Message Students Who…

Message students who

3.  Modify To and Subject lines if desired - After you select a message category, the students that fit that category will appear automatically in the “To” line.  You can remove anyone you wish to remove from the list. The subject will automatically fill with your category description and assignment name, but you are able to change that if you choose.

4.  Write message -

Ideas for feedback:

  • Comment on the process of learning rather than outcome - help students build knowledge to next concept or outcome (ex “You have demonstrated your understanding of _______, and in upcoming lessons, we will be using this knowledge to help us analyze ________.)
  • Ask students to look backward and ask them to reflect on what they have learned
  • Praise students on what they did well
  • Provide students with strategies for improvement of errors or misconceptions
  • Encourage supplemental learning opportunities and resources
  • Share your passion for their learning

5. Send Message - press the ‘Send Message’ button to send your message. Students will receive individual messages and not a group message.


Additional Resources:

Canvas Instructure guide on sending messages to students using the gradebook

Using assessment to support learning by Graham Gibbs (2010)

Influences on Student Learning by John Hattie (1999)


The Power of Feedback by John Hattie and Helen Timperley (2007)